In the past two years at my work I’ve learned some useful skills, especially when it comes to computers and installing equipment throughout the building. I learned how to put Category 5 (or Cat5) and Category 6 cable together by necessity. I helped make some this morning and thought I would share how I put them together and get it to work the first time!
These types of cables, also called ethernet, are good for networking your computers together, or plugging Blu-ray players to your router, or even for patch panels for IT work.
Have a pair of Cat5 testers, RJ-45 plugs, crimper tool, needle-nose pliers, and something refreshing to drink.
Be careful not to use too much pressure, or you may accidentally cut the copper wires inside. Use a light twisting motion to cut the casing.
By the way, you should be sure to measure the correct cable length you want before you cut all willy-nilly.
If your cable has anything inside used for support (i.e. plastic core, aluminum shield, metal wire, or fibers) cut them as short as you can to keep them out of the way.
I kind of wiggle them straight.
Only if you have spare time.
Put them in the proper order. The style I use is T568B: white-orange, orange, white-green, blue, white-blue, green, white-brown, brown.
Use the blade in the pliers. It’s just the right size to fit them all.
Be sure they are the same order on both ends. If not, your cable will not work.
I use the plug to guide how long the wires should be. That way, when I crimp them, the casing is at the mouth.
If you have 24AWG cable, the wires should slide right in. If you’re using a thicker wire, you may need to slide them into a boot mould first, then put them into a different plug. Once they’re in, and you’re sure about the order and the same length, slide the plug into the crimp tool and crimp the end. Repeat this process on the other end of your cable. For a hand, go back to top.
Once both ends are properly terminated, insert both plugs into the testers. Press the Test button.
If you get four lights, you have properly terminated your cable. If you have any that failed, the testers may tell you which ones didn’t pass and why. It could be the shield, or a kink, or even if one of the wires is broken.
This is one of the two I made this morning. Hope this is a help to you. Leave a comment if you have some other way or products you use to make Cable.